Corruption is increasingly associated with bribery, which is arguably the most prevalent and costly practice. As a
result, most anti-corruption efforts focus on checklists to prevent active (giving) and to a much lesser extent, passive
(receiving) bribery.

In reality, there are many different types of corrupt practices, all of which fit the classical definition of
misuse of
resources for personal gain,
and each of which requires different solutions.

Several approaches have been used to classify and distinguish among these different types of corruption, and group
them in attempts to find common solutions:
     1) FACT (corrupt practices by Favoritism, Authority, Competence and Tribute).
     2) 4 P’s (Preference, Power, Privilege and Payment).
     3) MAPP (Money, Assets, People and Power)
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Regardless of which classification is used, one can appreciate that each type of corrupt practice has different
characteristics, and therefore, will require different solutions.
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TYPES OF CORRUPTION
TYPES OF CORRUPTION
(MAPP)
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TYPES OF CORRUPTION
(FACT)
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